Split trunk style – Usually has the base of its trunk split or hollowed out. In nature this style is usually found in very old trees. In bonsai, Sabamiki can add a feeling of great […]
Literati style – This strange style is characterized by a thin slender trunk with only a few branches. The lower branches are often dead and barren, but the trunk itself is full of great character. […]
Root-over-rock style -A rock planting where the roots grow over the rock and disappear into the ground. In nature, trees are forced into all kinds of shapes under the influences of weather, wind and placement. […]
Raft style – This represents a fallen tree, with the trunk buried under the soil. The branches at the top of the fallen tree grow straight upwards as trunks. In nature, trees are forced into […]
Clump style – This is basically the same as the double-trunk style (Sokan). However, we only refer to a multi-trunk style if three or more trunks are growing out of the ground from a single […]
Rock-clinging style – A planting where the tree grows on a rock, or the roots cling in a small rock crevice where there is a little soil. In nature, trees are forced into all kinds […]
Driftwood style – A tree where the trunk is mostly deadwood, more commonly seen on junipers and yews where the trunk is primarily deadwood with one or two live veins running up to the remaining […]
Sinuous-root style – Resembling the Yose-Ue style, but all the trunks are connected by a single root system. It consists of a primary tree with multiple stems, each of which has emerged from various points […]
Cascade style – In nature, this tree grows on a rock face and, because of snow and wind, it first grows downwards and then upwards again. In Kengai the leaves grow lower than the pot. […]
Broom style – Trees in this style have an upright trunk with branches and foliage radiating outwards in the shape of a Japanese fan or an umbrella. In nature, trees are forced into all kinds […]
Miniature trees – Bonsai are classified in sizes. The most commonly known are Mame (5–15 cm / 2–6 inch), Shohin (13–20 cm / 5–8 inch), Chiu (41–91 cm /16–36 inch) and Dai (76–122 cm / […]
Slanting style – In nature, a tree can lean to one side when there is a prevailing wind direction, or when a tree is standing in the shade and growing towards the light. In the […]
Artificial driftwood style – Tanuki is not so much a style, more a technique for making bonsai look older than they are. A live plant is joined to a piece of driftwood. Sharimiki is the […]
Double-trunk style – A double trunk occurs if a tree develops two trunks out of a single root base. The junction of the trunks at the base must be sharply “V”-shaped and not “U”-shaped. One […]
Windswept style – You should imagine this as a tree through which wind is blowing at that very moment. The main branches stay in position; only the thin branches and leaves position themselves according to […]
Half-cascade style – In nature, this tree grows on a rock face and, because of snow and wind, it first grows downwards and then upwards again. In Kengai the leaves grow lower than the pot. […]
Coiled style – This twisted style is probably the closest to what came from China; often called the ‘dragon style’ (or ‘green dragon’) it is a favorite in Chinese bonsai and is an auspicious presence […]
Exposed-root style – The roots of the neagari emerge above the surface of the soil. These uncovered roots give the impression that the tree has been exposed to soil erosion for many years. In nature, […]
Five/seven-trunk style – This has a multitude of trunks, usually of an odd number. Gokan (five trunks) and Nanakan (seven trunks) refer to those bonsai with distinct, countable trunks, each of which has a stronger […]
The challenge is to create a finished tree starting from scratch,
Natural talent, Roy Minarai (USA), has only very recently entered the world of bonsai pottery. Can you tell us, Roy, how you got into bonsai pottery? What got me interested in bonsai to begin with was...
Grace, elegance and style all come together in one tree What do you expect from a good juniper bonsai? Dynamism? Restlessness? Elegance? Style? But is this always so? Antonio Gesualdi is going to prove that,...
It is hot midsummer in Japan, and beneath the cooling air of the air conditioner, we meet with Masahiko Kimura to talk about his feeling for bonsai. Kimura lives twenty minutes by car from the...